My regret as INEC chairman – Jega


The Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission, Prof. Attahiru Jega, on Monday reviewed his tenure as the boss of the electoral body and concluded that his only regret was his inability to create a separate salary structure for INEC workers.

Jega spoke in Abuja during a retreat organised for the electoral officers of the commission where the report of the 2015 elections was reviewed.
The retreat was titled, “2015 general elections: Lessons and the way forward.”
Jega also said that members of staff of the commission were subjected to difficult circumstances during the 2015 elections.
He said apart from the special salary issue, the commission under his leadership performed well.
But he regretted that despite the undertaking he said he made when he assumed office on the need to create a special salary structure for the members of staff of the commission, he was unable to accomplish that up till now.
He said, “We have done our best as a commission under very difficult circumstances and the major regret as I have always acknowledged is that a major undertaking we made when we first resumed at the commission is to have a separate salary structure for the members of staff of the commission but we have not been able to achieve this
“And obviously this is one area where we still have to do a lot of work and put in a lot of efforts as we move towards the future and to improve.
“But apart from that, I don’t think we have done badly in terms of promoting the welfare and the wellbeing of the members of staff.
“We have ensured that salaries were paid regularly, we have ensured that there are a lot of opportunities for self improvement through the organisation of seminar and workshop with our partners.”
He said he was aware that there was no way the commission could satisfy everyone, saying that some were not happy when the commission redeployed some of its members of staff.
He said, “Again as I said, we could not have satisfied the expectations of everybody, we believe that we have done our best. I must say that not all of you are happy with some of the measures that we have introduced as a commission.
“The restructuring and reorganisation certainly could not have satisfied everybody because it required trimming down the size of the commission and also redefining schedule of responsibilities and putting square pegs in square holes as we called it at that time.”
Jega, who had insisted that he would leave INEC after the expiration of his tenure, said that the 2015 general elections were better than those of 2011.
But he added that there was a lot of room for improvement and that as the country prepares for future elections, the commission must begin to reflect on what areas of further reforms it should focus its attention on.
Jega also urged members of staff of the commission not to be carried away by the accolades showered on them because of the successful conduct of the 2015 general elections but they should work towards improved performance in 2019.
“I think not many of us in this room would need a reminder, but it is important that we remind ourselves that the success of the 2015 general elections was as a result of the tremendous effort and undertaking of many of us to learn from our mistakes, to take measures to learn from those mistakes and to continue to do our best for our country,” he added.
The Country Director, International Foundation for Electoral Systems in Nigeria, Prof. Gloria Richard-Jackson, had earlier congratulated the commission on the successful conduct of the 2015 elections.
She noted that although the 2015 elections had been adjudged as the best in the country, “there is still room for improvement.”
“IFES is happy to support your commission’s effort to review the conduct of the 2015 elections so as to build on the good practices and lessons learnt as we prepare for the 2019 general elections,” she added.

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Inaugural Speech by His Excellency, PMB – 2015

Inaugural speech by His Excellency, President Muhammadu Buhari following his swearing-in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria on 29th May, 2015


I am immensely grateful to God Who Has preserved us to witness this day and this occasion. Today marks a triumph for Nigeria and an occasion to celebrate her freedom and cherish her democracy. Nigerians have shown their commitment to democracy and are determined to entrench its culture. Our journey has not been easy but thanks to the determination of our people and strong support from friends abroad we have today a truly democratically elected government in place.

I would like to thank President Goodluck Jonathan for his display of statesmanship in setting a precedent for us that has now made our people proud to be Nigerians wherever they are. With the support and cooperation he has given to the transition process, he has made it possible for us to show the world that despite the perceived tension in the land we can be a united people capable of doing what is right for our nation. Together we co-operated to surprise the world that had come to expect only the worst from Nigeria. I hope this act of graciously accepting defeat by the outgoing President will become the standard of political conduct in the country.

I would like to thank the millions of our supporters who believed in us even when the cause seemed hopeless. I salute their resolve in waiting long hours in rain and hot sunshine to register and cast their votes and stay all night if necessary to protect and ensure their votes count and were counted. I thank those who tirelessly carried the campaign on the social media. At the same time, I thank our other countrymen and women who did not vote for us but contributed to make our democratic culture truly competitive, strong and definitive.

I thank all of you.

Having just a few minutes ago sworn on the Holy Book, I intend to keep my oath and serve as President to all Nigerians.

I belong to everybody and I belong to nobody.

A few people have privately voiced fears that on coming back to office I shall go after them. These fears are groundless. There will be no paying off old scores. The past is prologue.

Our neighbours in the Sub-region and our African brethenen should rest assured that Nigeria under our administration will be ready to play any leadership role that Africa expects of it. Here I would like to thank the governments and people of Cameroon, Chad and Niger for committing their armed forces to fight Boko Haram in Nigeria.

I also wish to assure the wider international community of our readiness to cooperate and help to combat threats of cross-border terrorism, sea piracy, refugees and boat people, financial crime, cyber crime, climate change, the spread of communicable diseases and other challenges of the 21st century.

At home we face enormous challenges. Insecurity, pervasive corruption, the hitherto unending and seemingly impossible fuel and power shortages are the immediate concerns. We are going to tackle them head on. Nigerians will not regret that they have entrusted national responsibility to us. We must not succumb to hopelessness and defeatism. We can fix our problems.

In recent times Nigerian leaders appear to have misread our mission. Our founding fathers, Mr Herbert Macauley, Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, the Sardauna of Sokoto, Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Malam Aminu Kano, Chief J.S. Tarka, Mr Eyo Ita, Chief Denis Osadeby, Chief Ladoke Akintola and their colleagues worked to establish certain standards of governance. They might have differed in their methods or tactics or details, but they were united in establishing a viable and progressive country. Some of their successors behaved like spoilt children breaking everything and bringing disorder to the house.

Furthermore, we as Nigerians must remind ourselves that we are heirs to great civilizations: Shehu Othman Dan fodio’s caliphate, the Kanem Borno Empire, the Oyo Empire, the Benin Empire and King Jaja’s formidable domain. The blood of those great ancestors flow in our veins. What is now required is to build on these legacies, to modernize and uplift Nigeria.

Daunting as the task may be it is by no means insurmountable. There is now a national consensus that our chosen route to national development is democracy. To achieve our objectives we must consciously work the democratic system. The Federal Executive under my watch will not seek to encroach on the duties and functions of the Legislative and Judicial arms of government. The law enforcing authorities will be charged to operate within the Constitution. We shall rebuild and reform the public service to become more effective and more serviceable. We shall charge them to apply themselves with integrity to stabilize the system.

For their part the legislative arm must keep to their brief of making laws, carrying out over-sight functions and doing so expeditiously. The judicial system needs reform to cleanse itself from its immediate past. The country now expects the judiciary to act with dispatch on all cases especially on corruption, serious financial crimes or abuse of office. It is only when the three arms act constitutionally that government will be enabled to serve the country optimally and avoid the confusion all too often bedeviling governance today.

Elsewhere relations between Abuja and the States have to be clarified if we are to serve the country better. Constitutionally there are limits to powers of each of the three tiers of government but that should not mean the Federal Government should fold its arms and close its eyes to what is going on in the states and local governments. Not least the operations of the Local Government Joint Account. While the Federal Government can not interfere in the details of its operations it will ensure that the gross corruption at the local level is checked. As far as the constitution allows me I will try to ensure that there is responsible and accountable governance at all levels of government in the country. For I will not have kept my own trust with the Nigerian people if I allow others abuse theirs under my watch.

However, no matter how well organized the governments of the federation are they can not succeed without the support, understanding and cooperation of labour unions, organized private sector, the press and civil society organizations. I appeal to employers and workers alike to unite in raising productivity so that everybody will have the opportunity to share in increased prosperity. The Nigerian press is the most vibrant in Africa. My appeal to the media today – and this includes the social media – is to exercise its considerable powers with responsibility and patriotism.

My appeal for unity is predicated on the seriousness of the legacy we are getting into. With depleted foreign reserves, falling oil prices, leakages and debts the Nigerian economy is in deep trouble and will require careful management to bring it round and to tackle the immediate challenges confronting us, namely; Boko Haram, the Niger Delta situation, the power shortages and unemployment especially among young people. For the longer term we have to improve the standards of our education. We have to look at the whole field of medicare. We have to upgrade our dilapidated physical infrastructure.

The most immediate is Boko Haram’s insurgency. Progress has been made in recent weeks by our security forces but victory can not be achieved by basing the Command and Control Centre in Abuja. The command centre will be relocated to Maiduguri and remain until Boko Haram is completely subdued. But we can not claim to have defeated Boko Haram without rescuing the Chibok girls and all other innocent persons held hostage by insurgents.

This government will do all it can to rescue them alive. Boko Haram is a typical example of small fires causing large fires. An eccentric and unorthodox preacher with a tiny following was given posthumous fame and following by his extra judicial murder at the hands of the police. Since then through official bungling, negligence, complacency or collusion Boko Haram became a terrifying force taking tens of thousands of lives and capturing several towns and villages covering swathes of Nigerian sovereign territory.

Boko Haram is a mindless, godless group who are as far away from Islam as one can think of. At the end of the hostilities when the group is subdued the Government intends to commission a sociological study to determine its origins, remote and immediate causes of the movement, its sponsors, the international connexions to ensure that measures are taken to prevent a reccurrence of this evil. For now the Armed Forces will be fully charged with prosecuting the fight against Boko haram. We shall overhaul the rules of engagement to avoid human rights violations in operations. We shall improve operational and legal mechanisms so that disciplinary steps are taken against proven human right violations by the Armed Forces.

Boko Haram is not only the security issue bedeviling our country. The spate of kidnappings, armed robberies, herdsmen/farmers clashes, cattle rustlings all help to add to the general air of insecurity in our land. We are going to erect and maintain an efficient, disciplined people – friendly and well – compensated security forces within an over – all security architecture.

The amnesty programme in the Niger Delta is due to end in December, but the Government intends to invest heavily in the projects, and programmes currently in place. I call on the leadership and people in these areas to cooperate with the State and Federal Government in the rehabilitation programmes which will be streamlined and made more effective. As ever, I am ready to listen to grievances of my fellow Nigerians. I extend my hand of fellowship to them so that we can bring peace and build prosperity for our people.

No single cause can be identified to explain Nigerian’s poor economic performance over the years than the power situation. It is a national shame that an economy of 180 million generates only 4,000MW, and distributes even less. Continuous tinkering with the structures of power supply and distribution and close on $20b expanded since 1999 have only brought darkness, frustration, misery, and resignation among Nigerians. We will not allow this to go on. Careful studies are under way during this transition to identify the quickest, safest and most cost-effective way to bring light and relief to Nigerians.

Unemployment, notably youth un-employment features strongly in our Party’s Manifesto. We intend to attack the problem frontally through revival of agriculture, solid minerals mining as well as credits to small and medium size businesses to kick – start these enterprises. We shall quickly examine the best way to revive major industries and accelerate the revival and development of our railways, roads and general infrastructure.

Your Excellencies, My fellow Nigerians I can not recall when Nigeria enjoyed so much goodwill abroad as now. The messages I received from East and West, from powerful and small countries are indicative of international expectations on us. At home the newly elected government is basking in a reservoir of goodwill and high expectations. Nigeria therefore has a window of opportunity to fulfill our long – standing potential of pulling ourselves together and realizing our mission as a great nation.

Our situation somehow reminds one of a passage in Shakespeare’s Julius Ceasar
There is a tide in the affairs of men which,
taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the voyage of their life,
Is bound in shallows and miseries.

We have an opportunity. Let us take it.

Thank you.

Muhammadu Buhari
President Federal Republic of NIGERIA
and Commander-in-chief of the Armed forces

General Muhammadu Buhari’s Acceptance Speech

Your Excellency, the Vice President elect, Professor Yemi Osinbajo, your Excellency, Chief Rotimi Amaechi, the Director General of APC Presidential Campaign, 2015, your Excellency, the former Governor of Edo State and National Chairman of our great party, your Excellency the Governor Imo State, Rochas Okorocha, your Excellency, the former Governor of Imo State, Dr Ogbonaya Onu, Your Excellency, the former Governor of Ekiti State, Engineer Oni, your Excellency the former Governor of Kwara, Bukola Saraki, your Excellency, the Speaker of the House of Representative, Honourable Aminu Tambuwal, Please, let me stand on existing protocol.
Focus words of General Muhammadu Buhari’s speech
At exactly 5:15 yesterday (Tuesday) evening, President Jonathan called to congratulate me on my victory.
For this, I want all Nigerians to join me in congratulating and appreciating Mr President for his statesmanship.
President Jonathan was a worthy opponent. I extend my hand of fellowship to him.
I look forward to meeting him soon, as we plan the transition from one administration to another.
He will receive nothing but cooperation and understanding from me, who led this nation to democracy.
You stood in line patiently for hours; in the rain, in the sun and then in the dark to cast your votes. Even when the vote was extended to Sunday in some places, you still performed your civic duties. You did so peacefully.
You voted with your heart. Your vote affirms that you believe Nigeria’s future can be better than what it is today.
You voted for change and now change has come.
INEC has released the official result of the Presidential Election. INEC has declared that I gained the most votes with the required spread and won this election.
In a more profound way, it is you, Nigerians that have won.
The people have shown their love for our nation and their believe in democracy.
The declaration of INEC accurately reflects the will of the people.
While there might have been some logistical obstacles and irregularities associated with the exercise, the result shall stand as what the people want.
I thank all Nigerians who have made this day possible, our country has now joined the community of nations that have used the ballot box to physically change an incumbent president in a free and fair election
To me, this is indeed historic.
Most people will welcome the result because it is the one they voted for. Others will literarily be disappointed. I ask that we all be circumspect, respectful and peaceful in these times. This was a hard-fought contest. Emotions were high. We must not allow them to get the better of us.
This is not the time for confrontation. This is a moment that we must begin to heal the wounds and work toward a better future.
We do this first by extending a hand of friendship and conciliation across the political divide. We hope and pray our friends in other parties reciprocate.
I thank all the members of the All Progressives Congress, the APC, for their commitment and their hard work through the formation of the party, the campaigns and the presidential elections.
Let me equally express my appreciation to the media, civil society and security agencies for their selfless service. The international press and our friends abroad deserve a fair commendation for their support throughout the process.
We promise a robust and dynamic engagement with your countries in matters of mutual interest.
In the interim, I call on all Nigerians to be law abiding and peaceful.
The eyes of the world were focused on us to see if we can vote in a peaceful way and carry out elections in an orderly manner.
We have proven to the world that we are a people who have embraced democracy and a people who seek a government by, for and for the people.
We have put one party state behind us. We have voted for a government that will serve and govern, but will never rule over you.
CHANGE has come and a new day and a new Nigeria is upon us.
The victory is yours and the glory is that of our nation, NIGERIA.
I will make a more formal address to the nation, later in the afternoon after I receive the certificate of return from the INEC.
May God Bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

30 tips for successful academic research and writing

Choosing something that you are passionately interested in to research is a great first step on the road to successful academic writing but it can be difficult to keep the momentum going. Deborah Luptonexplains how old-fashioned whiteboards and online networking go hand-in-hand, and offers advice for when it is time to just ‘make a start’ or go for a bike ride.

As part of preparing for a workshop on academic publishing for early career academics, I jotted down some ideas and tips to share with the group which I thought I would post here. In the process of writing 12 books and over 110 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters over a career which has mostly been part-time because of juggling the demands of motherhood with academic work, I have developed some approaches that seem to work well for me.

These tips are in no particular order, apart from number 1, which I consider to be the most important of all.

Planning your research schedule

Choose something to research/write about that you are passionately interested in. I find that most of my research and writing tends to spring from wanting to find out more or understand more about a particular phenomenon that intrigues me. In explaining it to myself I end up explaining it to others, hopefully in a new and interesting way that is worthy of publication.Be organised – planning time use is essential when there are many demands on your time.Make sure that you set aside one or more periods of time each week when you devote yourself to research and don’t let other demands impinge on this time.So I can easily see what I need to do and by when, I use a white-board with a ‘to do’ list with tasks listed monthly and their deadlines. I rub off tasks as I complete them (usually with a great sense of accomplishment!). Very low tech, I know, but effective as a visual reminder.Plan your research in chunks: this morning, today, this week, this month, next few months, this year, next three years. Have a clear idea for what you want to achieve in these time periods and try to stick to this as much as you can.I don’t tend to think more than a year ahead when it comes to research outcomes I want to achieve, but I find it helpful to write up at least a one-year research plan at the beginning of each year. Some people may also want to prepare a 3- or 5-year research plan.Be strategic about every bit of research time available. Think about the best use of your time. Difficult cognitive tasks requiring intense thought often need a lengthy period of time, so plan to do these when this is available to you. Easy or less time-intensive tasks such as correcting proofs, editing or formatting a journal article or chapter for submission or reading some materials and taking notes can be fitted in smaller periods of time.

Making a start

Use whatever research time you have to dosomething, however small the task.Make a start. Once you have an idea for a piece of writing, create a file for it on your computer and write down anything, however rough and however brief, even if it is just a provisional title and some notes about possible content. It can always be polished and developed later or even discarded if you decide eventually not to go ahead with the idea.Organise your writing into different computer files: articles in progress, submitted articles, accepted articles, conference papers, blog posts, book proposals, grant applications etc.Organise your PDF journal article collection under topics in files on your computer.If you are feeling unenthusiastic or have hit a wall – leave that piece of writing for a while and work on another piece of writing.If no external deadline has been set, set yourself deadlines and try to meet these as much as you can, so that you can then move on to the next piece of writing.

Getting the most out of your writing

Use your writing in as many different ways as you can – conference papers, articles/chapters, books, blog posts. Turn the small (unrefereed) pieces into bigger (refereed) pieces whenever you can and vice versa. What starts out as a blog post can be later developed into an article, for example. Conversely some of the main arguments of an article can be used in one or more blog posts.Never let a conference/seminar paper stay a conference/seminar paper – turn it into an article/book chapter as soon as you can. If there is simply not enough substance for a piece that is the length of a journal article or book chapter, consider polishing and referencing the paper appropriately. Once it is at a standard where you consider it ready to be available to others, publish it on your university’s e-repository as a working paper. That way, anyone will be able to access the paper digitally and reference it.Decide on an appropriate journal as you are writing an article and tailor the argument/length to the journal’s requirements before you finish it.Once you think that you have finished a piece of writing and are ready to submit it, put it aside for a least a day and come back and read it again with fresh eyes. You will most probably notice something that could be improved upon. Once you have done this and are feeling happy with the piece, go ahead and submit. As another commentatorhas argued, you need to conquer your fear and send your writing off into the world: ‘we owe it to the words we have written to send them away’.Receiving feedback from academic referees on a writing piece or research proposal can sometimes be demoralising. Don’t let negative comments get you down for long. Grit your teeth and revise and resubmit as soon as you can, however tedious it feels. See this as an opportunity to make your piece the very best it can be. If the article has been rejected, take a good hard look at whether the referees’ comments are valid and if necessary, revise and then submit it to another journal. Remember that all successful academic writers have received negative feedback at times: that is simply part-and-parcel of academic writing and publishing.Rather than simply deleting material when you are editing a piece of writing, make ‘edits’ computer files into which to ‘paste’ this material when you cut it (I make several edits files under topics). You never know when you may be able to use this material somewhere else.Think about how one writing piece can lead to another as you are writing it.Make sure that your abstract is well-written and will lead others to your work (see herefor guidelines on writing an effective abstract).Keep on top of the latest research published in the journals you use for your research. One easy way to do this is to sign up to email alerts with the publishers of the journals and you will be notified by them of the contents of each new issue.

Connect for inspiration

Inspiration for research can come from many places. Attending conferences and seminars and reading the latest academic literature in your field are all extremely important, but so are other strategies. As a sociologist, I have generated many ideas from listening to good quality radio programs, reading newspapers and my favourite online sites and blogs regularly and engaging in social media such as Twitter and Facebook with people interested in the topics I research (see more on social media at no. 25).Connect, connect, connect. Publicise your research and make connections with other researchers as much as you can. Make contact with others working in areas related to your interests even if they are in different departments or in other universities. Join relevant research networks or start your own.Strengthen your online presence. Think about using social and other digital media to promote your research, engage with the community and make academic connections. Set up a profile on at the barest minimum. Make sure your university webpage is kept up-to-date with your latest publications and research projects. Write blog posts (if you don’t want to commit to your own blog, do guest posts for others’ blogs or for online discussion forums), sign up to Twitter and relevant Facebook pages, put your PowerPoints on SlideShare, make Pinterest boards (see here for my introduction to social media for academics).Use digital bookmarking sites such as, Pinterest, Delicious or Bundlr to save interesting material you have found on the web (see here for a discussion of using tools like these for academic work).Use a computerised online reference manager such as Endnote, Zotero or Mendeley. Get in the habit of loading citations straight into this each time as soon as you come across them.Think carefully about who you collaborate with on research before agreeing to do so. Good collaborators will add immensely to your own work: bad ones will make your life difficult and you won’t be happy with the outputs you produce.Seek out the advice or mentorship of more experienced academics whose research you respect.Take regular walks/runs/bike rides. This will not only keep you physically fit but will also provide a mental space to think through an argument or come up with new ideas. Some of my best ideas have come when I have been in motion and my thoughts are unencumbered.

Note: This article gives the views of the author(s), and not the position of the Impact of Social Sciences blog, nor of the London School of Economics.

This blog was originally published on Deborah’s blog, ‘This Sociological Life’ , and is reprinted here with permission.

About the author:
Deborah Lupton is a sociologist in the Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Sydney. She is the author of 12 books and many research articles and chapters on topics including medicine and public health, the body, risk, parenting culture, childhood, the emotions, obesity politics, and digital cultures.

Credit to

Illegal Universities in Nigeria (NUC 2015)

Many people in this country have been victims of going to unaccredited institutions. You may not understand how it hurts to waste your time and money for some years to find out later that all your struggles and hard-works were all in vain. Some victims of this circumstance go to the extent of taking their lives.Remember that anyone can fall victim of this, but it can be avoided by having the right information. wishes to inform the general public, especially parents and prospective undergraduate students that the National Universities Commission (NUC) of Nigeria has released a list of illegal degree awarding Universities in Nigeria as follows:

1. University of Accountancy and Management Studies, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

2. Christians of Charity American University of Science and Technology, Nkpor, Anambra State or any of its other campuses.

3. University of Industry, Yaba, Lagos or any of its other campuses.

4. University of Applied Sciences and Management, Port Novo, Republic of Benin or any of its other campuses.

5. Blacksmith University, Awka or any of its other campuses.

6. Volta University College, Ho, Volta Region or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

7. Royal University Izhia, P.O. 800, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State or any of its other campuses.

8. Atlanta University, Anyigba, Kogi State or any of its other campuses.

9. Sunday Adokpela University, Otada Adoka, Otukpo, Benue State or any of its other campuses.

10. United Christian University, Macotis Campus, Imo State or any of its other campuses.

11. United Nigeria University College, Okija, Anambra State or any of its other campuses .

12. Samuel Ahmadu University, Makurdi, Benue State or any of its other campuses.

13. UNESCO University, Ndoni, Rivers State or any of its other campuses .

14. Saint Augustine’s University of Technology, Jos, Plateau State or any of its other campuses.

15. The International University, Missouri, USA, Kano and Lagos study centres or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

16. Collumbus University, UK, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

17. Tiu International University, UK, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

18. Pebbles University, UK, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

19. London External Studies, UK, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

20. Pilgrims University, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

21. Lobi Business School, Makurdi, Benue State or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

22. West African Christian University operating anywhere in Nigeria .

23. Bolta University College, Aba or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

24. IBC Seminary Inc. (Wukari Jubillee University) Kaduna Illegal Campus.

25. Westlan University, Esie, Kwara State or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

26. St. Andrew’s University College, Abuja or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

27. EC – Council University, USA, Ikeja Lagos study centre.

28. Atlas University, Ikot Udoso Uko, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.
29. Concept College/University (London) Ilorin or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

30. Halifax Gateway University, Ikeja or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

31. Kingdom of Christ University, Abuja or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

32. Acada University, Akinlalu, Oyo State or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

33. Fifon University, Mbaise, Imo State or any of its other campuses in Nigeria.

34. Houdegbe North American University Campuses in Nigeria.

35. Atlantic International University, Okija, Anambra State.

36. Open International University, Akure.

37. Middle Belt University(North Central University) Otukpo.

38. Leadway University, Ughelli, Delta State.

39. Metro University, Dutse/Bwari, Abuja.

40. Southend University, Ngwuro, Egeru (Afam) Ndoki, Rivers State.

41. Olympic University, Nsukka, Enugu State.

42. Federal College of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Abuja.

43. Temple University, Abuja.

44. Irish University Business School London, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

45. National University of Technology, Lafia, Nasarawa State.

46. University of Accountancy and Management Studies, Mowe, Lagos – Ibadan Expressway and its Annex at 41, Ikorodu Road, Lagos.

47. University of Education, Winneba, Ghana operating anywhere in Nigeria.

48. Cape Coast University, Ghana operating anywhere in Nigeria.

49. African University Cooperative Development (AUCD) Cotonou, Benin Republic, operating anywhere in Nigeria.

50. Pacific Western University, Denver, Colorado, Owerri study centre2.

51. Evangel University of America & Chudick Management Academic, Lagos.

52. Enugu State University of Science and Technology (Gboko Campus).

53. Career Light Resources Centre, Jos.

54. University of West Africa, Kwali-Abuja, FCT.

55. Coastal University, Iba-Oku, Akwa-Ibom State.

Meanwhile, in addition to the closure, the following Degree Mills are currently undergoing further investigations and/or ongoing court actions:

1. National University of Nigeria, Keffi, Nasarawa State.

2.North Central University, Otukpo, Benue State.

3.Christ Alive Christian Seminary and University, Enugu.

4.Richmond Open University, Arochukwu, Abia State.

5.West Coast University, Umuahia.

6. Saint Clements University, Iyin Ekiti, Ekiti State.

7.Volta University College, Aba, Abia State.

8. Illegal Satelite Campuses of Ambrose Alli University.


Jega: An Umpire’s Pact With History

MILLIONS of Nigerians will readily concur with the statement made by United States’ President, Barack Obama, few days ago, emphasizing that Nigeria’s Independent National Election Commission (INEC) and its chairman deserve special recognition. The story of the historic emergence of General Muhammadu Buhari as Nigeria’s President-Elect in the just concluded 2015 presidential poll is never complete without a generous mention of the role played by the nation’s electoral umpire, Prof. Attahiru Muhammadu Jega. This is not just about the nail-biting political intrigues that played out before, during and even after the elections. It is more about the astonishing grace, calculative mien, mental acuity and psychological balance that Jega brought to bear on the job despite a barrage of stone-cold attacks against his person mostly by notable political actors in the ruling Peoples Democratic Party.

Never in the history of the Nigerian electoral process has an umpire displayed such emotional stamina and an uncanny resolve to toe a tortuous but right path amid clearly provocative taunts by powerful political forces, even in the middle of the arduous task of collation of results. Yet, some would say nothing less is expected of a man with a track record of holding firm to his beliefs as an academic of repute. However, experience has shown that academic brilliance does not necessarily translate into practical reality, especially in Nigeria’s murky political waters. So far, Jega is one of the rare few who have been able to prove to be an exception to the rule.

Interestingly, when President Goodluck Jonathan nominated Jega as the Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission in June, 2010, it was borne out of the conviction that he was found worthy of a position that had a history of lacking in men that live up to the creed such an office demands— unimpeachable integrity and being a consistent stickler for truth. He was to replace Prof. Maurice Iwu, who was eased out ingloriously after superintending over the disaster called the 2007 elections, which ushered in the late President UmaruYar’Adua and his deputy, Jonathan. That was one election in which the President-elect then, Yar’Adua, publicly acknowledged to be lacking in credibility.

It was, therefore, not surprising that Jonathan, as Acting President, needed to shop for a candidate that would command the respect of the Nigerian electorate and the international community. No doubt, Jega has proven to be a fitting candidate, considering the fact that the major role he played in late President Yar’Adua’s vision to reform the electoral process and forestall a repeat of the traditional electoral heist that brought him into power.

Jega’s resume marks him out as a well-honed academic and seasoned administrator of a noble hue. A snap peep into his profile states: “Professor Attahiru Muhammadu Jega (OFR) was born on the 11th of January, 1957. From 1963 to 1969, he attended Sabon-Gari/Town Primary School, Jega, where he obtained his Primary School Leaving Certificate; and the West African School Certificate (WASC) and the General Certificate of Education (GCE) O’ Level in 1974 at the Government Secondary School, Birnin-Kebbi. On leaving secondary school, he was admitted into Bayero University College, Kano (ABU, Zaria) for his Advanced Level Certificate studies; after which he proceeded for his undergraduate studies. He graduated in 1978 with a Bachelor of Science Degree (Hon) in Political Science.

“In 1979, after the mandatory National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) scheme in the then Cross River State, he took up appointment with Bayero University, Kano (BUK). He thereafter proceeded to Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA, where he obtained his Masters (1981) and Doctorate (1985) degrees in Political Science  specialising in Political Economy. While at Northwestern, he also obtained a Certificate in African Studies.

“Professor Jega’s rich academic career saw him serve at various times as Visiting Research Fellow, University of Stockholm, Sweden (Swedish Institute Fellowship), 1994; Visiting Research Fellow, St. Peter’s College, University of Oxford, 1996; Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic), Bayero University, Kano, 1995-1996; Acting Director, Centre for Research and Documentation (CRD), Kano,1998; and Director, Centre for Democratic Research and Training, Mambayya House, BUK, 2000-2004. He attained the pinnacle on September 6th, 2004, with his appointment as Vice-Chancellor, Bayero University, Kano  a position he occupied until his appointment as the Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in June 2010.

“Other professional/community service positions held by Professor Jega include being: Member, Presidential Panel on Review and Harmonization and Rationalization of Federal Government Parastatals, Institutions and Agencies, 1999-2000; Member, Governing Council, the African Centre for Democratic Governance (AFRIGOV), 1997 to 2003; Member, Governing Board, National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPSS), Kuru, 2002-2004; Chairman, Governing Board of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), 2003-2004; Member, Presidential Advisory Council on Youth Affairs, 2001-2007; and Member, Vision 20-20-20 Committee, National Working Group on Niger Delta and Regional Development, 2009.

“From 1992 to 1998, Professor Jega was Director of Research, Nigerian Political Science Association; Member, Presidential Panel on Rationalisation and Streamlining of Federal Government Poverty Alleviation Programmes and Institutions, 1999; and Member, Presidential Technical Committee on the Consolidation of the Tertiary Education Sector, 2006-2007. One of his most renowned service positions was as President, Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU), 1988-1994. He was also Member, Electoral Reform Committee, August 2007- December 2008.”

For a man who has, on many occasions, displayed a capacity to control his emotions while putting his life at risk in pursuit of the common good like he did in his days as the President of the revered Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU), Jega’s appointment as INEC’s chairman was seen as a welcome development, especially at a time when the electoral body appeared to have lost all shades of respect among the populace. It was to his credit that he quickly settled down and gave the nation a semblance of credible election in 2011, which saw to the emergence of Jonathan as the elected President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Though his first attempt on the job was without some hiccups, it was generally believed that it was a remarkable improvement from the charade, which Iwu supervised. The 2011 election was also a test of his integrity, patriotism and morality as he stood firm in announcing Jonathan as the winner of that particular election regardless of the political and religious undercurrents that popped up Buhari as the candidate of the North where Jega comes from.

Having done this, expectations were high that Jega should be able to deliver a less rancorous electoral process in the 2015 elections exploiting the luxury of about four-year interval for planning and execution. Although the dynamics of politics had changed greatly between the four-year gap, Jega’s INEC has also moved a notch higher in its preparations with the introduction of the Permanent Voter Card (PVC), the Card Reader and other things that would make rigging a near impossibility in subsequent elections. Of course, politicians used to mass rigging during manual voting with its attendant shady ballot stuffing did not buy into the idea of an electoral process that would, presumably, cut them to size. This, coupled with the fact that the ruling Peoples Democratic Party must have to contend with the growing popularity of a coalition opposition called the All Progressives Congress, put Jega in the front row of the acrimonious heckling among the politicians.

It was clear, going by its leadership’s body language, that the hawks at the ruling PDP never forgave Jega for following the spelt out regulations in allowing the merger of the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), the All Nigerian Peoples Party (ANPP) and a faction of the All Progressive Grand Alliance (APGA). It is one coalition that the PDP wished never happened. It also marked the beginning of a sour relationship between the PDP and Jega whom they had expected to pander to its desire. But that was one man that would not be intimidated to thwart the law. That was the typical Jega at play. Cool, calm, calculated and focused.

But for those attributes, Nigeria wouldn’t have witnessed the dawn of a new era in which an incumbent President would accept the outcome of what former President Olusegun Obasanjo called a hate-filled electoral campaign in which the APC emerged as winner. In conceding victory despite his party’s strong opposition to Jega’s supervision of the 2015 election, which climaxed in the shameful interference by Elder Godsday Orubebe, one of the PDP’s agents at the collation centre on Tuesday, Jonathan confirmed his confidence in the choice of the Professor of Political Economy as the right man to chart the path of credible electoral process for the nation.

Ever since the needless outburst by Orubebe, in which Jega was accused of being partisan and biased against the PDP, Jega’s popularity has soared not only because of the maturity with which he rubbished Orubebe’s rant but also because of the painstaking effort he mustered in puncturing the allegations levelled against him without betraying any emotion. His was a practical lesson in maintaining the highest level of decorum when one’s patience is pushed to the limit. If he had succumbed to Orubebe’s outburst or reacted negatively to all the calls that he should proceed on terminal leave and should not superintend the 2015 elections, perhaps Nigeria would have been on the tenterhooks by now. His resolute commitment to ensuring free, fair and credible election is not without some blushes as noted in the logistical and operational hitches during the March 28, 2015 elections.

However, by the time he steps down as the chairman of INEC in a few weeks from now, the Jega legacy would be a testimonial that Nigeria could be on the cusp of history if every man would stand firmly for those ennobling things that build rather then divide. It is, therefore, not surprising that US president, Barack Obama, specifically marked Jega out for “special recognition”, in his post-election appraisal, noting: “Nigeria’s Independent National Election Commission (INEC) and its Chairman, Attahiru Jega, deserve special recognition for what independent international observers have deemed a largely peaceful and orderly vote. I commend INEC for its extensive efforts to increase the credibility and transparency of the electoral process.  Looking ahead to the gubernatorial elections on April 11, it is imperative that national attention turn to ensuring that all isolated logistical challenges are overcome and peace is protected, even in the most hotly contested races.”

It is not in doubt that Jega had an unfair share of what Obasanjo called “trivialities and hate, divisive, undignified and disrespectful statements” that were the high points of the campaigns by both sides of the political divide. Credit must go to Jega for playing a key role in dousing the palpable tension that enveloped the land over a likely outbreak of violence should INEC bungle the process. Of course, he still has some weeks to spend in office before taking an honourable bow, his decent but scathing admonition of Orubebe should serve as a lesson to all persons who desire to hold public office.

His words: “Mr.Orubebe, you are a former minister of the Federal Republic. You are a statesman in your own right and you must be careful about what you say and about the allegations or accusations that you make. And certainly, you must be careful about your public conduct.”

Those words should serve as Jega’s parting shot to our over-indulged political elite, even before his official departure from INEC to begin the enjoyment of well-deserved adulation from home and abroad!

Written by: Yomi ODUNUGA in Nation Newspaper